Magnetic Express

Photo of the first 3d model of the project: 

Team mission:  The main goal of the team is to build a train (or vehicle) which is able to move  thanks to magnetic levitation. During this project we would like to increase our knowledge about electromagnetism.

Why do you want to do this project?

Out of general curiosity of the members of the group about magnetism and the means of transport that take advantage of it, since everyone has always seen it like an almost magical phenomenon.

Why can it be of interest to someone else too? Because it is an interesting and innovative theme.


A small-scale means of transport that uses magnetism to move.

Purpose of the project: To have a train that takes advantage of magnetic levitation in order to deepen the magnetism applied to means of transport.

Project structure: We’re planning to do an oval track (or linear if not possible) with magnetic rails on both sides of the bottom, lateral vertical constraints (made of low-friction materials) and round magnets of different (or same)  polarity in the middle of the track. About the train we’d build an aerodynamic structure. The movement of the train is based on switchable electromagnets inside it which work with a program that regulates them, using a magnet field sensor.

Necessary materials:

  • magnets strips
  • round magnets
  • electromagnets (copper wires and iron)
  • magnetic field sensor
  • wires and electronic components
  • constraints  made of plastic (and other low-friction materials)
  • wood base/plastic base
  • wood/plastic for the train structure 
  • relay
  • Arduino
  • breadboard

Minimum, maximum and definitely achievable goals.

Minimum goalBuild a  train which can levitate and move using different methods.
Maximum goalBuild a  train which can without any kind of external help. The train should also respect the environment.
Definitely achievable goalBuild a levitating train.